Livelihood Development Program The Context Although Ethiopia has achieved impressive economic growth in the past decade, the country remains one of the poorest in the world where more than 27% of the population lives below the international poverty line of 1.9 USD per day per capital. A very significant proportion of the population lives with shortage of the basic necessities such as food, medication, and water. Over 80% of the population lives in rural areas, where very backward form of subsistence agriculture is practiced. The country has a youthful population with 73% under the age of 29 years and with a very high youth unemployment rate. Our Focus The goal of GTF’s livelihood program is to increase food security of the targeted communities through increasing agricultural productivity, enhancing alternative means of income and improving the communities’ climate change resilience capacity. We seek to promote sustainable livelihoods and enhance the capability of people to make a living and improve their quality of life without jeopardizing the livelihood options of others, either now or in the future. The livelihood development program promotes self-help groups, cooperatives, and small and medium enterprises. It also provides tailored financial services to enhance the financial inclusion of neglected groups by partnering with financial institutions. This program has three pathways. The first is the crop and livestock pathway where we try to improve the access of farmers to better farm inputs and to enhance their technical capabilities. The second is the non-farm livelihoods pathway which focuses on youth economic empowerment through skill trainings, asset transfer, and marketing. The third is the forest-based livelihood pathway which seeks to create alternative income for farming communities by engaging them in non-timber forest products’ processing and beekeeping. In all these activities gender matters are addressed as cross-cutting issues. The livelihood development program has the following strategic objectives. Increase food security of target communities at household level by increasing agricultural productivity and creating alternative income. Improve the climate change resilience capacity of target communities. Enhance socio-economic development and peace building efforts among target communities through promoting youth self-employment and entrepreneurship and enhancing their chance of employability. Some of Our Achievements Formed more than 75 women’s saving and credit groups and helped thousands of women start their own small businesses. Built veterinary clinics to improve access to veterinary services for pastoralist communities. Trained and deployed Community Based Animal Health Workers (CBAHWs) with the capacity of performing basic, but very important, animal health services to communities. Supplied improved livestock breeds and helped communities get better market prices through breed improvement and animal fattening programs. Provided on-farm irrigation agriculture trainings to thousands of pastoralist people forced to start sedentary agriculture. Created alternative means of income for farmers through promotion of successful beekeeping practices. Provided various skill trainings to several unemployed youths and assisted them financially so they were able to generate income and support their families.